29 Juin 2017

The origins of photography – World Camera Day

World Camera Day

We wish you all a happy World Camera Day!

World Camera Day Polaroid

Every year on June 29th, we celebrate World Camera Day – an opportunity to take you through the origins of photography.

Cameras and photography have developed substantially over the years, from its early roots right up to modern day digital photography and smartphones. How will you take pictures this year on World Camera Day?

Frenchman Joseph Niépce is most noted as one of the inventors of photography and was a pioneer in the field. He developed the heliograph; a technique used to produce the world’s first known photograph in 1825. A few years later in 1839, another Frenchman, Louis Jacques Daguerre took the first fixed image. He is widely considered to be the forefather of photography – his invention giving its name to the ‘daguerreotype’ process, which consisted in the image being given 30 minutes of exposure.

Tintypes were subsequently developed in 1856 by Hamilton Smith. Decades later, George Eastman invented flexible and unbreakable film that could be rolled: The first Kodak was born in 1888.

Soon in 1925, the Leica I reached the market, and its immediate popularity spawned a number of competitors. Kodak released its Retina I in 1934 though 35 mm cameras were still out of reach for most people things would soon change with the introduction of the inexpensive Argus A in 1936. The Japanese camera industry began with the birth of Canon in 1936 with its 35 mm rangefinder. Japanese cameras would soon become incredibly popular in the West after the Korean War as veterans and soldiers stationed in Japan brought them back to the United States.

While conventional cameras were becoming more refined and sophisticated, an entirely new type of camera appeared on the market in 1948. While TSLR and SLR were still the rage this new camera would change the way people would capture memories. This was the Polaroid, the world’s first instant-picture camera, no development needed. Known as a Land Camera after its inventor, Edwin Land, this camera was able to produce finished positive prints from the exposed negatives in under a minute. This new camera took the market by storm; people no longer had to sit still for long periods of time in order for their photographer to snap a picture.

In 1989, the first digital camera was sold in Japan by Fuji. In 1991, Kodak brought to market the Kodak DCS-100, the beginning of a long line of professional Kodak DCS SLR cameras that were based in part on film bodies. It used a 1.3 megapixel sensor and was priced at $13,000.

The first commercially available digital camera in the United States was the 1990 the Dycam Model 1. It was originally a commercial failure because it was black and white, low in resolution, and cost nearly $1,000 but this changed and soon became loved by photographers.

With the standardisation of JPEG and MPEG in 1988 which allowed images and video files to be compressed for storage onto a SD or CF card, the Nikon D1 soon followed in 1999, at a cost of just under $6,000. This camera also used Nikon F-mount lenses, which meant photographers could utilise many of the lenses they already owned.

By 2010, nearly all mobile phones featured built-in camera with a resolution of 1-2 megapixels digital video camera.

Look how far photography has come! Isn’t it just incredible? Of course, we’ll stick to our beloved Polaroid cameras 😉

 

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